The day of 11 January at ILO 1 was marked by intense and productive debates around the fight against modern slavery. The session, which began at 8.30am, was the start of a day full of discussions and ideas thanks to the intervention of an American expert who shared her experience and enlightened the participants on the issues surrounding forced labour. In particular, she highlighted the complexity of these problems, as well as the possibility of resolving them by taking concrete action on the ground. A question and answer session followed, involving the chair, the expert and the delegates. 

The debate then focused on the first resolution, presented by the Australian employers and the Indian government. This resolution aims to strengthen measures against modern slavery, sexual exploitation and forced labour, with particular emphasis on the situation in Asia and the Pacific. It recognises the importance of the ILO’s efforts and the need for robust legislation to protect victims and punish perpetrators. The resolution proposes a series of measures:

The day was also punctuated by amendments proposed by different delegates, each aiming to improve and refine the resolution. These amendments covered a variety of topics, from adding specific clauses to revising wording. The debates were lively, reflecting the diversity of views and priorities of the participants.

After constructive exchanges and adjustments, the first resolution was adopted, marking an important step in the fight against modern slavery.

The afternoon saw the start of discussions on the second resolution, on strengthening legal and moral frameworks to fight modern slavery, presented by German and Australian workers. This resolution proposes innovative measures, such as the creation of the UNLAC (body for strengthening fundamental rights and decent work), economic and judicial sanctions, as well as a comprehensive approach to support victims. The second resolution will be adopted.

This day at ILO 1 saw the determination of participants to find effective solutions against modern slavery. The adoption of the two resolutions demonstrates a collective will to act and make significant changes in this crucial area of human rights.

Ruben Buchot and Timothé Fournier